Common Causes of Infertility in Women

Infertility Infertility is described as not being able to conceive a child after at least a year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility in women is not uncommon. In fact, it is estimated that 1 in 5 women, 19 percent to be exact, will not conceive after one year of trying. This can be distressing and frustrating to a woman attempting to have a child and start a family. It can also put a strain on a woman’s relationship during this difficult situation. Let’s explore the common causes of infertility in women and a resource for infertility treatment.

Damage to Fallopian Tubes

The fallopian tubes are a part of the female reproductive system and connect the ovaries to the uterus. Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes can cause infertility by removing the passageway the sperm needs to travel to reach the egg. This is often caused by injury, previous surgeries, or pelvic inflammatory disease.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as PCOS, is a condition where the ovaries are prone to cyst growth. These cysts can be painful and can disrupt sexual reproduction. PCOS is caused by a hormonal imbalance and negatively affects ovulation and its cycle.

Excess Prolactin

Prolactin is a hormone made by the pituitary gland that generally helps in breast development and milk production in women. However, the body can sometimes make excessive amounts of prolactin. This reduces the production of estrogen and can lead to infertility.


Endometriosis is when the tissue that makes up the uterus lining grows outside of the uterus. This tissue naturally responds to ovulation and will attempt to exit the body through menstruation. However, this tissue is located outside of the uterus and has no way to leave. The tissue and blood then have to remain in the abdomen. This can cause scarring and potentially affect reproductive ability.

Seeking Treatment

A woman’s reproductive system is a delicate balance that can bring life into the world. However, sometimes we need some help getting there. That’s why our team at Craig Ranch OB/GYN provides comprehensive infertility treatment options that are catered to your needs. No two women’s infertility is the same, and we take the time to properly understand your condition and help treat it. If you have any questions or are struggling with infertility, contact Craig Ranch OB/GYN at 214-544-6600 today.

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