What Is Endometrial Ablation?

Two,Shot,Of,Woman,Talking,To,Her,Reassuring,Primary,Care Every woman’s menstrual cycle is unique, from how long their cycle lasts to how heavy their flow is. This can make it difficult to know what is considered “normal.” However, if you experience heavy menstrual bleeding accompanied by fatigue that requires you to limit your daily activities, an endometrial ablation could be the solution.

Understanding Menstrual Bleeding

Menstrual bleeding occurs as a result of your uterine lining, or endometrium, breaking down during menstruation. Many factors impact the intensity of your bleeding, including hormonal imbalances, bleeding disorders, and using an IUD. Health conditions like fibroids, cancer, miscarriages, C-section scarring, uterine infections, and ectopic pregnancies can also be risk factors.

When bleeding becomes heavy, it can be difficult to continue your normal routine and participate in activities you usually do. Those with heavy menstrual bleeding may experience:

  • Bleeding that goes on for more than seven days
  • The need to change your tampon or pad frequently, meaning every 1-2 hours
  • Anemia (low red blood cell count) test results or symptoms, such as fatigue or shortness of breath

What Is Endometrial Ablation?

Endometrial ablation is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that may help those who suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding. During the procedure, your doctor will use a thin tool inserted through the vaginal opening to remove your endometrium.

Other methods may include hydrothermal, microwave, freezing, and radiofrequency endometrial ablation. Your doctor will recommend the method that is ideal for you. Most patients recover from this procedure in just a few days.


Endometrial ablation is low risk, but there are some side effects you should consider. You might experience a few days of cramping or bleeding after your operation. You may also feel nauseous or have urinary urges for about a day. Some women also notice discharge for three weeks or so.

After your ablation, you should avoid sexual activity, tampon use, or douching for a short recovery period. Although you can take pain medicine, you’ll need to avoid aspirin.

Schedule a Consultation at Craig Ranch Ob/Gyn

Endometrial ablation is just one treatment option we provide for patients concerned with their menstrual cycle. Schedule a consultation with one of our providers to determine if this procedure is right for you and discuss alternative treatments. Contact our office in McKinney, TX, at 214-544-6600.

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